Photo: Glaw et al, Scientific Reports 2021

In the rainforests of Northern Madagascar, researchers may have found the smallest lizard in the world: Brookesia nana. From the tip of its snout to the base of its tail, the males are 13.5 millimeters in length. The females are substantially bigger, weighing in at 19.2 millimeters. But these descriptions, as well as the pictures shown here, fail to convey how small this creature really is. Look at your own thumb now, imagine it sitting on the tip of your finger as if on a table, imagine its feet hanging onto your own fingernail. It is a chameleon, and you…


Among the hardest problems currently facing philosophy and science is understanding how consciousness can emerge from nothing more than physical activity in the brain. How is it possible that the three-pound lump of cellular tissue floating in our skulls is able to produce the full spectrum of our mental lives? How do we get the experience of what it is like to be us from the relatively simple cellular interactions taking place in our head? The answers to questions like these seem beyond the scope of scientific understanding. …

“Top Ramen” by arbyreed is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


An exciting and polarizing new point of debate has recently emerged in the public discourse — namely, whether or not instant ramen is a soup. While discussing this matter with family, colleagues, and community members, I have been deeply concerned to find that most people mistakenly believe instant ramen to be a soup. While it is undoubtedly true that instant ramen and soup share many qualities, there are some key distinctions that separate the two. This paper explores some of those distinctions and aims to convince the reader definitively that instant ramen is, in fact, not a soup.



Consciousness is only made possible by virtue of the brain, and the brain is nothing more than a collection of complex cells called neurons. Like everything else that exists in our world, neurons abide by the same cause-and-effect processes that govern the universe at large. The neuron behaves under a cellular and molecular algorithm, programmed by the physical laws of nature. It is an “incredible electrical device¹ — a contraption of tiny jigs, springs, hinges, rods, sheets, magnets, zippers, and trapdoors.”² …

Nathan Young

Just tryna keep cog neuro 💯, PhD student at University of Oregon

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